The British Columbia, the westernmost province of Canada, is east of Rocky Mountains and westward to the Pacific Ocean. The province’s area is as large as the size of the countries of France, Germany and the Netherlands (slightly more than 948 thousand square kilometers), or 4 times the size of the country of England. Its length has been measured from north to south 1200 km and from east to west 1050 km.
This province leads from the east to Alberta, from the south to the United States and from the north to the Yukon and Alaska territories. The center is Victoria, but the most populous city in the state, Vancouver.
This province has one of the richest native Canadian histories. Archaeologists have found evidence of human presence in the province about 11,500 years ago. Due to the coastline, the province has the highest population density. At the time of the arrival of Europeans, more than half of the current Canadian residents lived in this province. The arrival of Europeans began with the arrival of famous British explorers James Cook and George Vancouver in the late 1700s. Following these explorers, leather merchants also permanently settled in the province.
This province became the sixth province in 1871 to the Confederation of Canada, and the boundaries of this province were identified in the late nineteenth century. During this period, British Columbia has attracted many immigrants from all over the world, especially Europe, China and Japan. By building the railroad in this province, its economy changed from agriculture to mining and forestry and flourished after World War II. With good income from forestry, the province began to invest in modernizing the economy. Vancouver and Victoria cities have become cultural and artistic centers, attracting hundreds of writers, artists, poets and musicians. Today, the province has a thriving economy and a high standard of living. The cities of this province are among the cleanest and best cities in the world. These conditions led to the 2010 Olympic Games held in the province.
In the latest survey in 2012, Vancouver has ranked third in all of the world’s cities for living standards.
The culture of this province is inspired by its beautiful scenery. The people of this province are famous for having physical and recreational activities such as cycling, skiing, snowboarding, sailing and swimming.
It has one of the finest natural areas in the world, with moderate weather and outdoor recreation facilities in the state of British Columbia. The culture of this province is influenced by the culture of the immigrant families of English, German, Chinese, Hindi and Japanese. This cultural diversity has made Vancouver an annual center for attracting art and culture from around the world. British Columbia has many cultural, religious and linguistic communities. In this province, the rights of all people are respected and this has created numerous opportunities for everyone. In the British Columbia, individuals regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, location, age, abilities and personal beliefs coexist peacefully. Cultural backgrounds may vary from one nation to another, but the goal is the same: a successful and enjoyable life in British Columbia, Canada.
The population of the province is about 26 million and the constant population growth is 5 percent. The province’s population was about 3.2 million in 1991, and the birth rate was only 4.1, which is lower than the Canadian average (6.1). This means that the province considers its population to be migrating and needs immigrants to work intensively. Due to the proximity of the province to the Pacific and the continent of Asia, most immigrants enter the province from Asia. Nearly 10 percent of the inhabitants of this province are Chinese, and of course there are many people from Japan, the Philippines and South Korea. There are also many South American residents in southern Vancouver. In this province, a fascinating collection of almost all cultures in the world is seen.
Vancouver has a population of around 600,000 people, but the total area around the city is about 2.2 million inhabitants, making it the third largest Canadian city and the most populous city in western Canada. The city had just 1,000 inhabitants in its construction in 1886, but in 1911 its population reached 100,000.
The province has a state-approved educational system in the world. In Canada, all citizens and permanent residents can use free state education until the age of 200 and until the end of high school. Taxes include various educational courses, including native, national and French courses, fine arts courses, sports, and technical courses. Students in this province do not have geographical constraints and can study for free anywhere in the province. At the 10th, 11th and 12th grade students can graduate after undergoing provincial exams.
The province offers 1900 higher education programs in 26 higher education institutions. There are 66 universities, three university colleges (offering postgraduate courses in specialized fields, technical courses, apprenticeships) and 12 colleges. The average tuition fee for a year of study is $ 4,800, which is 15-10% higher than the average Canadian. There are, of course, scholarships and lending programs for students as well.
The first-class universities in the province include British Columbia University, Simon Fraser University, University of Victoria, which attracts scholars from all over the world. Several Nobel Prize winners in medicine, physics and economics have graduated from the University of British Columbia. The scientific level of this
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